Emulsions stabilized by microfibrillated cellulose: the effect of hydrophobization, concentration and o/w ratio
Updated: 2012-04-18 | Print
a Department of Chemical Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway;
b Paper and Fibre Research Institute, 7491 Trondheim, Norway;
The properties of emulsions stabilized by nanosized cellulose particles (denominated also microfibrillated cellulose – MFC) were investigated. The wettability (hydrophobicity) of the MFC was changed through surface modification with chlorodimethyl isopropylsilane. The modified MFC was characterized with Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Using MFC of intermediate hydrophobicity resulted in water-in-oil emulsions within a range of oil/water ratios. The emulsifying capacity of the MFC was found to be proportional to both the relative amount of MFC used and its wettability (Degree of Surface Substitution, DSS). The emulsions separated rapidly from the excess oil phase; the separated emulsion layers were highly stable towards gravity-induced sedimentation and, once a stable MFC network was formed, were also stable towards coalescence. The influence of the oil/water ratio, the concentration and DSS of the MFC on the stability of the emulsions towards coalescence, and the inversion to oil-in-water emulsions was also investigated. The results verify that MFC can be efficiently used as a stabilizer of oil/water emulsions within a range of oil/water ratios and particle concentrations.
J. Dispersion Science and Technology DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2010.12.083 (2010).